ENOVA actively suppresses saving measures such as ENØK, they have taken away support for heat pumps and solar cells. Instead, Norwegian tax funds are wasted on unstable offshore wind and battery packs for small businesses.
The Norwegian Environmental Protection Association input for a new agreement between Enova and the Ministry of Climate and the Environment for 2021-2024.
The main principle is that the energy forms and production methods that have the least burden on nature and the environment, and which have the least emissions of greenhouse gases, must be chosen.
The Norwegian Environment Protection Association has proposals for the following investment areas for ENOVA:
1. Heat pumps air/air and geothermal heat for private and public use must be maintained and strengthened.
2. Sea heat pumps for housing associations/blocks, public buildings, commercial buildings and industry must be strengthened.
3. ENØK must be implemented more strongly in the private and public sector.
4. Heat recovery. Provide support for projects that utilize waste heat from waste water, for example for heating swimming pools, and other water-borne heat in commercial buildings and housing associations/blocks. Cooling/heating, e.g. interaction between swimming pool and ice rink (using heat from cooling of ice rink).
5. Upgrading of hydropower. Norway can have a stable electricity supply if hydropower plants are upgraded with more modern generators, where the increase in production can be increased by 30% at a hydropower station, without new natural interventions.
6. Geothermal electricity production offshore.
Norway is drilling geothermally in Iceland
Norway has drilling technology from offshore that can be used for geothermal projects offshore and on land. Example: Equinor is drilling the world's hottest well for geothermal electricity, where water at 600 degrees is used to produce electricity. https://www.equinor.com/no/news/hottest-geothermal-well.html
Source: The IDDP success story - Highlights https://pangea.stanford.edu/ERE/db/WGC/papers/WGC/2020/37000.pdf
Norway has been drilling for oil and gas for over 50 years, and all this time knowledge has been available about water resources in the seabed, hot water that can be used to make electricity. The petroleum regulations require mapping of water reservoirs and geothermal potential when mapping oil and gas wells, as well as mapping of reservoirs for artificial carbon storage, CCS. This has not been utilised, and the authorities have been responsible for the fact that oil production has used gas power on the oil installations for the supply of electricity. We have thus been polluting with large emissions of fossil fuels for over 50 years, without this being necessary.
Residual heat can also be used for heating buildings/district heating. There are no emissions of greenhouse gases during production, and geothermal electricity production takes up little natural land, while it can be placed in industrial areas, close to the end user, for example a city.
Electrification of the shelf using offshore geothermal electricity
The oil and gas industry on the continental shelf now uses gas power for electricity supply and heating of process water. If this is to be phased out with shore power, it will require long transmission cables from shore with a significant loss in the wiring network.
Offshore wind is expensive and unstable
Offshore wind is expensive and unstable power for production on the continental shelf. Future plans to use offshore wind for electricity supply will be very expensive, will seize large areas, threaten life in the sea and migratory birds, create low-frequency noise that can threaten the ecosystem in the sea and lead to an ecological collapse. Offshore wind will not be stable enough for an electricity supply on a production platform, therefore there will still be a need for a backup from gas power on the platforms. Wind power from land will only work optimally for 30% of the time, otherwise wind power must be backed up from hydropower in Norway. Spending NOK 2.3 billion on Hyvind was a gigantic mistake by the Norwegian authorities.
Geothermal electricity production in the North Sea
Geothermal electricity from oil and gas wells can be used to electrify the installations in the North Sea By retrieving water at at least 130 degrees under high pressure, it will be possible to produce electricity from the hot water found in/near the oil wells, both during production and when the wells is finished drilling. Source: Geothermal energy: developing a synergic integration in oil&gas fields looking forward to a decarbonized era https://pangea.stanford.edu/ERE/db/WGC/papers/WGC/2020/41015.pdf
A platform can, for example, produce electricity and deliver it locally to other installations over shorter distances. This leads to a stable electricity supply, and short transport for the electricity, with the least possible loss in the wiring network. New jobs and industrial developmentNorway can use its unique drilling expertise from the North Sea to pass on knowledge, and develop new methods for geothermal drilling on land.
Geothermal electricity on land.
Norway has the technology to be able to use hot water from the bedrock, also in areas where the heat is a long way away. Norway and Europe can get access to production water at 130-140 degrees by drilling 4000-4500 metres. By exchanging the hot water for a liquid that boils at less than 100 degrees, it is possible to produce electricity with a minimal natural footprint, and no climate emissions during production. Residual heat can be used for district heating systems. Utilization of geothermal potential in coal mines It is entirely possible to extract heat from hot water deep down in coal mines, to make electricity from the boiling water, and in addition utilize the waste heat for district heating.
For Norway, this is very relevant in Svalbard, where coal mining is to be shut down in 2038. It is entirely possible to use geothermal electricity and phase out the burning of coal much earlier than 2038, which is also the year the EU wants to end coal burning . Source: The Thermal Resource of Mine Waters in Abandoned Coalfields; Opportunities and Challenges for the United Kingdom https://pangea.stanford.edu/ERE/db/WGC/papers/WGC/2020/41021.pdf
Norway can become a world leader in geothermal electricity production by using unique drilling expertise from the North Sea. This has far greater potential than wind power, where neither owns the technology nor produces the components. Norway is a mini-putt in wind power, and this will also apply to offshore wind, where China, among others, will take over the hegemony. Norway can help the rest of the world to produce clean electricity, without major natural interventions and climate emissions. Nuclear power, coal power and other fossil energy sources can be phased out using geothermal electricity production.
Business clusters can be built up in connection with the geothermal power stations, such as e.g. food processing and water purification. Geothermal electricity production can become a valuable energy production with a good health factor and little natural intervention. Subsidy of 10 billion per year for geothermal electricity production and heat utilization.
The Norwegian Environmental Protection Association proposes that NOK 10 billion be set aside annually for full-scale geothermal projects, part-financed through the green investment of the Oil Fund.
This will create many new jobs, and strengthen energy preparedness in Norway and the world, and make it more robust, stable and less vulnerable to sabotage etc. in terms of security.
The socket is dependent on a stable power supply.
Electrification of the base requires long transmission cables. Havvind has not been investigated in a vulnerability analysis. Exposed production facilities (wind turbines) and long power cables offshore/abroad, as well as high-voltage lines in the air are much more vulnerable to sabotage than short-distance power from geothermal power stations.
Kurt Oddekalv, Head of the Norwegian Environmental Protection Association
Anders Løberg, Case manager
Resources: Center for Geothermal Energy http://cger.no
Program schedule for CGER: http://cger.no/doc//pdf/Programplan%20CGER.pdf
FB group Geothermal electricity:
Download the input letter to ENOVA here: